The chin is an area of the face that greatly determines the definition of the facial profile. It can be projected or retracted on occasions causing an imbalance in the contour of the face. The chin surgery is the procedure designed to improve the jaw line and therefore the facial appearance by increasing or reducing its projection. It can be done alone or in combination with other facial surgery. It is performed through maxillofacial surgery or by the placement of silicone alloplastic implants.
In the first consultation the general health condition and the required degree of chin placement is established. Laboratory tests will be indicated, as well as preoperative cardiovascular assessment, and the removal of certain medicines, vitamins, alcohol and tobacco.
The procedure is regularly performed under local anesthesia assisted by sedation.
The chin implant will project the lower third of the face thus providing adequate facial harmony. Implants can be oval to project only the chin, or having lateral projections to define well the lateral branches of the lower jaw. The incision may be inside the oral cavity or outside on the natural crease under the chin. Process is outpatient, and the patient is sent home as soon as he wakes up from sedation, with the adequate postoperative indications. Recovery is 5-10 days.